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5 Milestones in the Onboarding Process
In contrast to orientation, onboarding expands over a period of around 6 to 12 months. This time is crucial in transforming a new hire into a full-fledged employee. There are certain milestones in the onboarding process that serve as quantum leaps in the new hire’s progress; these are the measurable stages to deliver critical feedback. To maximize the results of organizational socialization, or onboarding, it is necessary to focus on the following five control points.
The 5 Most Important Milestones in the Employee Onboarding Process
- Before the first day (pre-boarding)
- On the first day (orientation)
- After the first week
- After the first 90 days
- At the end of the first year
It’s widely accepted that successful onboarding is an indispensable step toward further career development, so it benefits all the participants. A survey from Paychex found that 52% of new hires feel undertrained after onboarding, with remote employees more likely than those who are on-site to feel undertrained. On the part of a company, onboarding serves to meet three strategic objectives:
- Build awareness of the company’s definition of success
- Promptly and thoroughly involve new employees
- Maximize efficiency
As the process evolves, some intermediary objectives need to be addressed urgently. Let’s look at how the ultimate strategy breaks down into strategic points which help to make the most of this process.
5 Stages of Employee Onboarding
Stage 1: Pre-boarding
The entire process starts well before the hiring stage, with pre-hiring. At this initial point, when the organization accepts the need to bring on a new person, the immediate objective is to attract and employ the best talent. For that purpose, it is important for a company to create the right image (employment brand). If the organization manages to get its culture and values across at this stage, they are more likely to attract the right sort of applicants. The recruitment process is not as much about sharing information, but rather about forming realistic expectations for the candidates
Dr. Talya N. Bauer, an expert on organizational socialization and Cameron Professor of Management at Portland State University, Oregon, cites scientific data proving that realistic job previews increase the chances of employees’ long-term job commitment by 50%.
“Realistic previews help to prevent new employees from suffering unmet expectations.” – Dr. Talya N. Bauer, Portland State University Cameron Professor of Management
Stage 2: The First Day of Work (Orientation)
This is a critical milestone in the employee onboarding process – first impressions matter! Today, 93% of all businesses hold orientation of some kind – either in person or online. The objectives of this event are manifold: to provide the new employee with information, complete paperwork, establish social bonds, but primarily – to make them feel welcome and comfortable in their new role.
HR specialists recommend having a detailed plan prepared well in advance for the new hire to keep the necessary actions on track. To ensure effective implementation, the plan has to be written, communicated to everyone responsible, consistently applied and tracked over time. Consider employing technology to facilitate the process – especially since a growing number of candidates belong to the millennial generation brought up in the era of social networking and gamification.
The first day at work can be difficult for a new hire, so it requires well-tuned organizational cooperation to leave a long-lasting positive impression.
Stage 3: After the First Week
The span of the second stage may differ from one role, or company, to another. Some companies, such as IBM, believe that it takes about a month to provide a new hire with all resources needed, clarify the roles and duties, and schedule “check-ins” for measuring their progress. After that, a qualitatively new stage begins – ‘connecting’.
It appears that initial enthusiasm and euphoria of landing a new job often gives way to confusion, anxiety and the feeling of inadequacy later on. Experts call this phenomenon ‘new hire fatigue’ and say it is inevitable as a new person exhausts too much energy while learning the ropes. In unfamiliar circumstances, our usual ‘auto-pilot’ mode switches off and every unpredictable complication may cause additional stress. The growing feeling of alienation can be overcome if we ensure proper socialization.
During the two months that follow, networking is a priority as it is indispensable in ‘connecting’ with other employees and building up interest communities. One way to engage new employees is to appoint a mentor or a “buddy” that will help bridge both emotional and cognitive gaps.
Stage 4: After the First 90 Days
Researchers assign a period of three months for employees to prove themselves in a new position. This benchmark seems to be the pinnacle and crucial point when learning the ropes has come to an end and a novice finally hits the ground running. These qualitative changes can be measured and the chances of a new employee’s success with the organization are estimated accordingly.
A 360 feedback report is generally used as a gauge. This metric is employed further on (on a confidential basis with the new hire) after 6 and 12 months with the organization to receive feedback on the role and performance expectations as well as competencies.
So what should a successful hire have achieved by then? The four short-term acquisitions are:
- Self-efficacy: self-confidence in job performance boosts motivation and encourages success
- Role-clarity: a clear understanding of a new role and expectations directly impacts revenues
- Social integration: ensures better commitment and lower turnover
- Awareness of an organizational culture
The fourth aspect is also associated with the degree of satisfaction in the workplace. Learning happens at an individual pace so it’s important at this stage to still allow room for improvement and error.
Stage 5: At the End of the First Year
“An employee’s performance at the end of the first year will prove if they’re fully productive,” noted Ben Peterson, CEO of BambooHR.
Andrew Quinn, Director of Training and Development at HubSpot, introduced the notion of baseline viability when estimating salespeople’s successful transition. It comprises core knowledge points as well as core functional skills measured in a variety of ways.
In fact, at HubSpot the validation includes four components:
- Project assessment;
- Test completion;
- Practice certification;
- On the job evaluation.
As you can see, each of the milestones in the onboarding process has its own clear objectives that can be achieved in a variety of ways. There is no universal plan to maximize success, so it always helps to be on the lookout for best practices, inspiring experiences and new trends.
Master all of the milestones in the onboarding process. Not sure where to begin with your onboarding program? We at Rallyware can help with that – request your demo of the leading Performance Enablement Platform today!
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